Learning Hub Blog Post

How to Use Google Search Console

BLOG POSTS SEO SEO Guides
By Brittany Bronson
Feb 02, 2021

Over the past five years, Google Search Console keyword phrases have steadily increased as more webmasters have come to understand the power of Google’s data. For website owners and business owners who want to improve their SEO rankings, there is no better performance data available than the important metrics that come straight from Google.

There are many SEO softwares out there that track keyword rankings, but Google has the most accurate and up-to-date information about the keywords your site ranks for on a daily basis. In this way, Google, or software built over Google’s API, is the only source of truth for how your url is performing in search right now.

If you want to earn more keyword rankings and drive organic traffic from search, GSC is the best platform available. Beyond keyword tracking, the platform empowers you to perform other key SEO actions that will improve site visibility and ensure that Google is crawling and indexing your site as efficiently as possible.

ARTICLE CONTENTS
What is Google Search Console?
Key Features of Google Search Console
Getting Started: How to Set Up Google Search Console
The Metrics: How to Use Google Search Console
How to Use Google Search Console Effectively

What is Google Search Console?

Google Search Console is a free platform provided by Google to measure website performance in search engine results pages. Formerly known as Google Webmasters, Google Search Console allows site owners to check the indexing status of their web pages, track their keyword rankings, and improve the overall visibility of their websites in search engine results pages.

Key Features of Google Search Console

There are many features that Google Search Console offers webmasters to understand their search engine performance and elevate their usability to meet Google’s standards.

  • Get a general overview of your website’s SEO performance
  • Inspect any url in your domain for indexing, crawling, and mobile usability
  • Access key SEO metrics like clicks, impressions, click-through-rate (CTR), and average position
  • Browse the search queries that your landing pages rank for
  • Access performance metrics for Google Discover
  • Submit XML Sitemaps
  • Submit Disavow files
  • Monitor Core Web Vitals for desktop and mobile versions of your website
  • Be notified by Google of any security issues with your website
  • Browse all of your backlinks, internal links, and top linking anchor text

Getting Started: How to Set Up Google Search Console

If you’re brand new to tracking your website in the GSC platform, setting up your account and getting started is simple. Here is a run-through of all of the first steps to get your account properly linked to your domain, adding users, and linking your GSC account with other useful platforms.

Add your Domain Property

Once you’ve created an account with Google Search Console, open the drop down menu and select “Add Property”. You will be given the selection of three different types of properties, various ways to verify your property, as well as the subsequent steps for each verification method. Verification methods will be available depending on the property type.

HTML file upload, domain name provider, and Google Analytics tracking code are popular choices for verification, but Google provides detailed instructions for each in Google webmaster tools.

How to Add a User to Google Search Console

If you have multiple team members or individuals monitoring the same domain, it’s easy to add additional users to your Google Search Console account. Property owners can designate both full users, restricted users, or associates, each of which comes with limited permissions.

Full users can see all of the Google Search Console data and can take most actions that a property owner can, but only the property owner can make fundamental changes to the account, such as adding or removing property owners, changing an address,  or submitting a sitemap. If you’re a site owner that is working with an SEO or digital marketing agency to execute your SEO strategy, you should add your account managers or agency representatives as full users or restricted users.

A property can have up to 100 users. Here are the Google webmaster instructions of how to add a user to an account.

instructions for how to add a user to google search console

Linking your Google Search Console Account with Google Analytics

Google Analytics is another free tool that Google provides to site owners and one you should already be using to understand your website traffic and other key performance indicators. Google Analytics focuses on metrics related to all traffic on your website, not just the users who arrive from organic search. 

If you want to simplify your life and have all or your analytics in one location, you can link your Google Search Console account to your Google Analytics account. By doing so, Google will import all of your GSC data into your Google Analytics reporting. 

To do so, you will have to have both accounts already setup. Then, login into your Google Analytics account.

  1. Press “Admin”
  2. Select “Property Settings”
  3. Scroll to Search Console Settings and select “Adjust Search Console”
  4. Choose your preferred reporting view and click “Save”

Once these steps are complete, you will have additional reporting available and your GSC data in your Google Analytics account.

Linking your Google Search Console Account with LinkGraph’s Google Search Console Tool

One of the downsides of GSC is that the dashboard is rather limited in comparison to other SEO softwares. The data, however, is still the best, because it comes straight from Google.

If you want access to a more comprehensive dashboard with more advanced data visualizations, LinkGraph’s Google Search Console tool combines a more engaging user interface with the same powerful Google Search Console Data. Unlike other software, LinkGraph’s is built over Google’s API, meaning you have access to the same real-time data you find in GSC.

To access the tool, create a LinkGraph Account (you will also get access to our other SEO tools like our landing page optimizer and keyword explorer). Select the “Google Search Console” tool on the left side of the dashboard, where you will be able to link a new account via the “Projects” tab.

The Metrics: How to Use Google Search Console

Once you’ve added your domain property, users, and linked your primary Google accounts, you’re ready to start tracking your website’s performance in the SERPs. 

If you’re new to SEO, understanding what the metrics represent is important. Here is an overview of the primary metrics that Google tracks organized by how they are structured in your Google Search Console Account.

The Overview Section

The overview section is a summary of the three primary categories of metrics that Google Search Console Tracks: Performance, Coverage, and Enhancements. 

  • Performance: Metrics associated with the performance of your urls in search results
  • Coverage: Metrics related to crawling and indexing of your urls
  • Enhancements: Metrics related to technical elements of your website that could improve your performance and coverage

URL Inspection

The URL inspection tool is a way to quickly inspect the indexed version of any given web page on your domain. There are three ways to access and use the tool in your Google Search Console account.

  1. Use the Inspect URL search bar at the top of the page
  2. Select “URL Inspection” in the toolbar on the left side of the page
  3. Select the magnifying glass icon next to any url that appears in a list
URL inspection search bar
Option 1
url inspection toolbar
Option 2
url inspection for specific page
Option 3

Once you inspect a url, GSC will provide you an overview of information from their last crawl attempt, including whether or not the url appears in search results, whether it appears in search results but has issues, where the page was found, and more. 

Watch the below video for more information on how to make the most of the URL inspection tool and the data it provides.

Performance: Search Results

The Performance section of your Google Search Console account will provide all of the metrics related to your urls’ search appearances. The primary data graph will provide four key metrics that quantify how your site is performing overall across all web pages.

Google Search Console dashboard
  • Total clicks: The total amount of clicks your web pages have receive across all search queries for the selected date range
  • Total Impressions: The total amount number of times your web pages appeared in search results and were seen by users during the selected date range
  • Average CTR: The average click-through-rate (percentage of impressions that resulted in a click) of your web pages across all search queries for the selected date range
  • Average position: The average ranking position of your web pages across all search queries for the selected date range

If you want to filter these search performance metrics for specific keywords, landing pages, days, or some other factor, you can set your parameters from the table located below the primary graph.

Search performance in google search console

The table will populate based on the filters or combination of filters you select. You can filter your clicks, impressions, average position, and average CTR by any of the following parameters. 

  • Queries: View your search performance for any keyword or search phrase that your urls currently ranks for in the SERPs
  • Pages: View your search performance for individual pages on your site 
  • Countries: View your search performance by country
  • Devices: View your search performance by device type 
  • Search Appearances: View your search performance by rich results, AMP non-rich results, job listings, and job details
  • Dates: View your search performance metrics for any day in the entire history of your domain

How best to utilize all of this data will depend on your own keyword targets, strategy, and SEO goals. Overall, the data is designed to provide you both a big picture summary and many granular pictures of the strengths and weaknesses of your search performance.

Index: Coverage, Sitemaps, and Removals

Before Google can rank your urls for keywords, it has to crawl and index your pages. The Index section of your Google account will give you all of the information you need to understand how Google is indexing your pages, as well as tools to improve how Google is understanding your web pages.

Coverage: Index Coverage Report

This feature of the Google Search Console tool allows site owners to see which of their landing pages have been indexed and whether Google bots encountered any problems when crawling them. Since 2018, Google uses mobile-first indexing data when available. Ideally, there will be zero errors on your coverage report, but if not, Google will identify what pages had errors and the type of error so you can attempt to correct it.

index coverage report

Sitemaps: How to Add a Sitemap to Google Search Console

A sitemap is exactly what it sounds like — a roadmap for all of the web pages in your domain. It communicates to Google’s crawlers what the most important pages of your website are, even if you don’t have internal links pointing to all of your pages. 

Essentially, a sitemap helps Google crawl your website more intelligently and efficiently, which benefits your keyword rankings in the long-run. You can generate an XML sitemap using a site map generator (try the  Yoast plugin). If you are unsure of which pages to include in your sitemap, consult one of our SEO strategists before generating your file.

You are certainly not required to add a sitemap to your GSC account, and for smaller sites with only a few landing pages, it may not be necessary. However, larger websites (like ecommerce sites with lots of product pages) can really see their keyword rankings benefit by adding a sitemap. To upload your xml sitemap in your Google Search Console account. First, select the “Sitemap” tab.

sitemaps in google search console toolbar

You will be directed to the page where you can upload your xml file. Add the link to your file and click submit.

In Google Search Console, you will be notified when there are any crawl or indexing errors on your website. Checking back in on your sitemap is important as Google won’t necessarily crawl every page on your website with the same frequency. Also as your website grows or anything changes with your overall site architecture, you will want to update your sitemap so Google continues to understand which pages are central to your site architecture.

Removals: Temporarily Block URLs in Google

One of the newest features of Google Search Console, the Removal tool allows site owners to both remove content from the SERPs and see which content has been removed due to the requests of third parties. 

The removal tool offers three options to site owners:

  1. Temporarily hide URLs for showing up in the search results
  2. See which urls are not showing in Google because they are “outdated content”
  3. Identify if urls have been filtered by Google’s “SafeSearch,” adult filter

The majority of site owners will only ever access the first feature of the tool. If for some reason you need to temporarily remove a URL from Google, you can submit your request via the removal tool. The request can be submitted for a specific url or any urls containing the same prefix, and they will be removed from Google for six months.

removal requests in google search console

This tool does not permanently remove web pages from Google’s index. To do so, site owners need to either use the robots no index tag or delete the content from their site.

Core Web Vitals: Website Page Experience

In 2020, Google switched out it’s PageSpeed report with Core Web Vitals report. This report is all about the technical performance of your website. Google bots measure website performance and page experience through their Core Web Vitals metrics. The following metrics make up Core Web Vitals:

  • Largest Contentful Paint (LCP): Measures load times and performance
  • First Input Delay (FID): Measures interactivity
  • Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS): Measures visual stability

Google Search Console provides Core Web Vitals reports for both the mobile and desktop versions of your website.

core web vitals report

Google recommends focusing on improving those affected urls that receive “Poor,” and “Needs Improvement,” ratings. Click on “Open Report,” to get more details about the issue type that is resulting in the subpar rating.

Once you’ve attempted to fix the issue, you can verify whether Google is seeing the issue as resolved across your entire site. Choose the, “Validate Fix,” feature, and Google will track usage data for 28 days to see whether the issue is fixed. If your website is newer, keep in mind that Google can only verify the fix if you get enough site traffic for statistically significant usage data.

LCP issue in Google search console

Some improvements you may be able to make on the backend of your WordPress site (or whatever CMS you use), but other errors may require you to work more closely with a developer.

Mobile Usability Report

The mobile usability report provides site owners with insights about how their website performs on mobile devices. If any of your pages do have mobile usability issues, the “Details” table will highlight the type and status of the error. Errors that may be noted on your mobile usability report include:

  • Viewpoint not configured: This error signifies that your website is not responsive and not resizing to fit the screen size of the user’s device
  • Fixed-width viewport: This error signifies that although your website was responsive and resized, it did not do so correctly for all devices
  • Content not sized to viewport: This error means that elements of your website layout are not reflowing to fit the new page size
  • Small font size: This error communicates that your font is too small to read on certain devices
  • Touch elements too close: This error signifies that element of your website that users may interact with — such as CTA buttons or input fields — do not have proper spacing on mobile devices
  • Flash usage: This error will only be notified on websites that use Adobe Flash content

Some of these errors are more simple to fix than others, but it is important to address the errors as best as possible, particularly if your website traffic primarily comes from a mobile device. With mobile-first indexing, Google uses the mobile version of your website for indexing and ranking, meaning solving these issues is of great importance for getting higher rankings.

AMP: Ac